Transcript Lesson Five

Transcript: Lesson Five

 

Hi!

 

Welcome back to English From The Beginning!

This is Lesson Five.

Today it is my birthday.

I am 49 today.

In Lesson Four we looked at numbers and in Lesson Five we are looking at dates.

 

MONTHS

So today is the 20th of May.

May is the fifth month of the year…

January, February, March, April, May.

Let’s look at the 12 months of the year…

 

PRONUNCIATION

With the word Feb-r-u-ary… (it’s difficult to say), I do not pronounce the R;

I say Feb-u-ary. Simple!

 

ORDINAL NUMBERS

In Lesson Four we learnt our numbers.

My birthday is today.

My birthday is on the 20th of May.

The 20th is an ordinal number.

So let’s look at our ordinal numbers…

first…second…third…fourth…fifth…sixth…seventh…eighth…ninth…tenth…

eleventh…twelfth…thirteenth…fourteenth…fifteenth…sixteenth…

seventeenth…eighteenth…nineteenth

We have to remember: first second and third.

After that we just add -th to the number…

four-th… fifth… – ah… fifth, not fiveth.

So fourth… fifth… sixth…

Then we get to twenty.

We can’t say twentyth; we have to say twenti-eth.

(We put an E before TH.)

twenty-first…twenty-second…twenty-third.

Then we have twenty-fourth…twenty-fifth…twenty-sixth… twenty-seventh, etc

– until we have thirti-eth.

Thirty-first

Thirty-second

Thirty-third

– until we get to forti-eth… fiftieth… sixtieth… seventieth… eightieth… ninetieth…

and then we have: a hundredth.

(Then we just say –th at the end of a hundred.)

 

SPELLING

With the number 20…

20 ends with a Y.

When we say ‘twentieth’, we change the Y into an I and add -e-th…

…and the same goes for thirtieth… forti-eth… fiftieth… sixtieth… seventieth… eightieth, and ninetieth…

 

But after the 20th, we go back to 1st 2nd and 3rd.

So we have: 21st, 22nd, 23rd,and the same goes for:

31st, 32nd, 33rd

41st, 42nd, 43rd, etc

 

Remember from Lesson Four, we said: a hundred and one,

so the ordinal number is a hundred and first…

a hundred and second…

a hundred and third…

a hundred and fourth.

(We have to say ‘and’.)

 

Today is the 20th of May.

It is the 20th day of May.

There are 31 days in May and today is the 20th day of May.

We do not have to say ‘day’, but we do have to say ‘of’…

The 20th of May.

 

DATES

So let’s go through some dates…

My birthday is on the 20th of May.

My date of birth is the 20th of the fifth, 1971.

Alex’s birthday is on the 11th of June.

Alex’s date of birth is the 11th of the sixth, 1968.

Rebecca’s birthday is on the 13th of November.

Rebecca’s date of birth is the 13th of November, 1999.

Hannah’s birthday is on the fifth of April.

Hannah’s date of birth is the fifth of the fourth, 2006.

Eleanor’s birthday is on the 21st of August.

Eleanor’s date of birth is the 21st of the eighth, 2002.

David’s birthday is on the 24th of July,

and David’s date of birth is the 24th of the seventh, 1971.

Allen’s birthday is on the second of August,

and Allen’s date of birth is the second of the eighth, 1944.

 

YEARS

When we have a year, we say 19-71 or 19-48 or 19-82.

However if we have the years 2000 to 2009,

we say: two thousand and one,

two thousand and two,

two thousand and three…

because otherwise Hannah’s year of birth is 26.

Alfie’s year of birth is 2009, not 29

 

 

BIRTHDAYS

With birthdays we say:

My birthday is on the 20th of May.

With dates of birth we say:

My date of birth is: the 20th of May (or the 20th of the fifth), 1971.

 

THE SYSTEM

The system is very important.

The system makes English simple.

So with the sentence ‘It is my birthday today’,

‘today’ has a light blue card.

(This is blue. This is a light blue.)

Light blue shows the time; it shows WHEN we do something.

So it is my birthday today.

‘Today’ is the time.

The light blue card can also go… here.

We can put the ‘when card’ at the beginning of the sentence and we can say:

Today it is my birthday, or:

On the 20th of May it is my birthday.

 

QUESTIONS

To make the question, we turn around the subject and the verb.

So: It is your birthday today becomes: Is it your birthday today?

If we have a question,

we cannot put the ‘when card’ at the beginning of the sentence;

in a question, the ‘when card’ has to go at the end of the sentence…

Is it your birthday today?

Yes, it is!

 

NEGATIVES

We learnt in Lessons One, Two and Three that with the verb ‘to be’,

– ‘is’ is from ‘to be’, we put ‘not’ after the verb…

It is not my birthday today.

We can also say: It isn’t my birthday today.

Isn’t is a contraction – from ‘is’ and ‘not’.

Do not worry about contractions!

 

THE APOSTROPHE– It belongs to somebody

So I can say:

Today it is my birthday or:

Today it is your son’s birthday or:

Today it is his mum’s birthday or:

…her uncle’s birthday or:

…the girls’ aunt’s birthday.

This apostrophe means: it belongs to somebody

– like it is my birthday or:

it is the aunt’s birthday. (It belongs to the aunt.)

– and the aunt belongs to the girls.

 

So this means it belongs to us.

So the girls’ aunt’s birthday is: the birthday of the aunt of the girls.

(But in English we say: the girls’ aunt’s birthday.)

 

THIS, THESE, THAT, THOSE

This is my birthday cake.

These are my birthday cards.

If I say ‘this’ and ‘these’, I am talking about HERE.

If I am talking about THERE, then I say:

THAT is my birthday cake, and

THOSE are my birthday cards.

This, these…

That – for one person or thing and

Those – for two or more people or things.

This These That Those

 

Remember we say:

this these that those and there.

(You can see more of my tongue) – as opposed to:

three thirteen thirteenth thirty.

this these that those there.

 

It is a beautiful sunny day today – blue sky and lots of sun.

(I hope the lighting was okay on the film.)

I look forward to seeing you again for Lesson Six,

when we look at telling the time.

Now it is time for cake!

 

Thanks for watching!

Bye for now!