English from the Beginning Transcript Lesson Three

 

Transcript Lesson Three

Hi! Welcome back to: English From The Beginning!

This is Lesson Three.

In Lesson One, we looked at the verb ‘to be’.

In Lesson Two, we looked at the verb ‘to be called’.

We also looked at the words…

 

We also looked at Subjects.

If we have the subject ‘their son’, ‘their’ is not important;

‘son’ is important.

We know from ‘son’ that we are talking about a He-word…

Their son IS called Alfie.

If we have the subject ‘his daughters’, ‘his’ is not important; ‘daughters’ is important, because here we see that ‘daughters’ is more than one person, and then we have to use ‘they’…

His daughters are…

They are…

 

We also learned about questions.

If we want to make a question, we just turn around the subject and the verb.

So: My son is called David would become: Is my son called David?

‘Is’ is the verb, so ‘called’ goes further down the sentence.

 

We also learned about negatives… My son is not called David.

(We put ‘not’ behind the verb – with the verb ‘to be’ and ‘to be called’.)

 

And finally we can say: He is not called David

and we can say: He’s not called David.

(Of course we can also say: He’s called David.)

 

Let’s move on to Lesson Three…

 

This is me.

This is my husband, Alex.

This is his brother, David.

I can say: This is his brother, David, or

I can say: This is Alex’s brother.

This is David’s wife.

This is Carol’s son.

This is Alex’s dad.

(This is also David’s dad.)

This is my brother.

This is Christian’s mum.

He is Margaret’s son.

I am Margaret’s daughter.

 

(All I was doing was putting an apostrophe S after the person’s name.)

But don’t forget the apostrophe!

 

My husband’s brother is called David.

Alex’s brother is called David.

Our nephew’s parents are called David and Sam.

Remember with the verb ‘to be’,

(so ‘to be called’ is also ‘to be’),

we can have two yellow subjects.

David is information about this.

David and Sam are information about this.

(They are the same.)

David is Alex’s brother.

David is Rebecca’s uncle, and Christian is Rebecca’s uncle.

Christian is Hannah and Eleanor and Rebecca’s uncle.

Sam is our girls’ aunt.

Our girls are Sam’s nieces.

(We have one niece – two nieces.)

So Ella is my niece.

Alfie is my nephew.

Rebecca and Alfie are cousins.

Margaret is my mum.

Alan and Carol are not my parents, but they are my parents-in-law.

So David is my brother-in-law, and I am David’s sister-in-law.

 

Let’s go through the family members again…

We have: grandma, grandad (granddad) – or grandmother and grandfather.

We have uncle, aunt, nephew, niece.

So Alfie is my nephew and Ella is my niece, and our girls are David and Sam’s nieces.

(We just add -S… one niece – two nieces.)

And then we have ‘cousin’.

So Alfie and Ella are Hannah, Eleanor and Rebecca’s cousins.

And…Alex’s side of the family is my family-in-law, so David is my brother-in-law.

 

PRONUNCIATION

If we have the letters -LE at the end of a word, we say -le…uncle.

If we have the letters PH, we say ff…nephew.

And EW is ‘u’…Neph-ew.

We have the sound ff and we have the sound u…Nephew.

 

THE VERB CAN

In Lesson One we learned the verb ‘to be’.

In Lesson Two we learned the verb ‘to be called’.

Now we have to learn a new verb, and that verb is ‘can’.

Today we are going to learn the alphabet, because I can spell.

The following letters are a little bit tricky… G J H W Y.

 

I can spell… (various family members’ names)

 

With the verb ‘can’, ‘can’ is the verb, but we need another verb.

If we have two verbs, the first one is blue and the second one is green.

This ‘can’ is a help-verb.

 

GRAMMAR RULES

I do not like teaching you grammar, but you need it for school.

‘Can’ is a modal verb, or an auxiliary verb.

We have two verbs: ‘can’ and another verb.

We need two verbs.

We cannot say: I can…

We need another verb.

I can say ‘grandma’ or I can say ‘grandmother’.

 

With the verb ‘to be’, we say:

I am – you are – he is – she is – it is – we are – they are.

With the verb ‘can’, we say:

I can spell.

You can spell.

He can spell.

My husband can spell.

(All subjects use ‘can’.)

 

QUESTIONS

The verb ‘can’ is just like the verb ‘to be’…

When we ask a question, we just turn around the subject and the verb.

With the sentence ‘I can spell’… Can I spell?

With other subjects, we say:

Can he spell?

Can my mum spell?

 

NEGATIVES

If we want to make a sentence negative, then we just add ‘not’ behind the verb.

So: I cannot draw, and My pen cannot write!

 

CONTRACTIONS

In English, we can sometimes take two words and make them into one.

This is called a ‘contraction’.

I cannot draw becomes: I can’t draw.

She cannot cook becomes: She can’t cook.

But don’t worry about contractions!

The most important thing is: I can not draw.

Contractions can come later.

I hope you enjoyed today’s lesson.

Thank you for watching!

See you again for Lesson Four!

Bye for now!