English From The Beginning – Transcript 4

Transcript Lesson 4

 

Hi!

Welcome back to English From The Beginning.

This is Lesson 4.

Every lesson we learn something new.

This is Lesson 4, but we have to remember lessons 1, 2 & 3.

My Name Is…

So… This is our daughter, Hannah.

She is called Hannah.

(She’s called Hannah.)

We can also say: Her name is Hannah.

So… My name is Sarah.

My husband’s name is Alex.

My brother-in-law’s name is David.

My mum’s name is Margaret.

We can say: My mum is called Margaret and

we can say: My mum’s name is Margaret.

So we have one or two or three options.

This is my daughter, Hannah.

This is my daughter; she is called Hannah, (or she’s called Hannah.)

This is my daughter; her name is Hannah.

In Lesson 1, we talked about the verb ‘to be’.

In Lesson 2, we talked about ‘to be called’.

In Lesson 3, we talked about ‘can’, and we said: I can spell,

and in Lesson 4, we are going to learn our numbers, because I can count.

 

These are the numbers 1 to 19:

one…two…three…four… five…six…seven…eight… nine…ten…eleven…twelve… thirteen…fourteen…fifteen…sixteen… seventeen…eighteen…nineteen.

With the numbers 13 to 19, we just put ‘teen’ after the number.

However it is THIRteen and not three-teen, and FIFteen, not five-teen.

 

Pronunciation

In English there are two TH sounds.

The first one is from ‘this’ and ‘these’…

We put our tongue between our teeth… this… this… these…these

and the second one we put our tongue between our teeth…three…three.

(So with ‘three’, you see a little bit on my tongue and with ‘this’ you see more…this…these – we see more of my tongue.)

 

three…thirteen…this..these

If you can say the TH-sound, your English sounds good.

Let’s go through the numbers again…

one…two…three…four… five…six…seven…eight… nine…ten…eleven…twelve… thirteen…fourteen…fifteen…sixteen… seventeen…eighteen…nineteen.

Those are the most important numbers.

 

Now we need the number twenty… thirty…forty…fifty – so again we do not say five-ty, we say FIFty…sixty…seventy…eighty…ninety… and then we have ‘a hundred’.

We can either say ‘a hundred’, or we can say ‘one hundred’.

Most of the time we say ‘a hundred’.

 

What are these numbers?

64 = Sixty-four.

73 = Seventy-three.

92 = Ninety-two.

48 = Forty-eight.

33 = Thirty-three. (That’s difficult…thirty-three.)

12 = Twelve.

16 = Sixteen.

81 = Eighty-one

67 = Sixty-seven.

8 = Eight

78 = Seventy-eight.

32 = Thirty-two.

59 = Fifty-nine.

(Big number… little number…simple.)

 

So now I can count to a hundred.

Remember ‘can’ is the modal verb and ‘count’ is the second verb.

If we know the numbers one to a hundred, then we can count forever.

This is a thousand and this is a million.

This number is a hundred and one.

You have to say ‘and’.

It’s not  ‘a hundred one’; it’s ‘a hundred AND one’.

Two hundred AND forty-six.

Three hundred AND sixty-eight.

We have to put ‘and’ after the hundred, or the thousand, or the million.

The System

 The system is very simple… each part of the sentence has a colour.

Here, I can count to a hundred.

This gives information about this.

So… I can count to 100.

I can also say: I can count slowly…one…two…three, or:

I can count quickly… one-two-three.

This is ‘how we do something’.

So this (orange…question mark), it tells us ‘how we do something’.

The Direct Object

 In Lesson Three, we learnt: I can spell Eleanor.

I can spell your name.

Here we have the purple card.

I can spell your name.

I can spell Eleanor.

This is ‘what’ we can spell.

This is the subject.

The subject is important.

I am the important person in this sentence; it is my sentence.

And this is what I can do.

I can spell your name.

I can see you.

I can hear music.

I can eat an apple.

The subject does something to the ‘direct object’.

If you understand this, then English is simple.

This / These

 In this lesson, we looked at ‘this’ and ‘these’.

‘This’ is for one person or one thing.

‘These’ is for two people or two things.

So this is my niece, Ella.

And these are my nieces, Hannah, Eleanor and Rebecca.

Remember ‘niece’ ends with an S-sound, so we cannot say …

we have to say niece-s.

The same goes for child…children.

This is my child, Ella.

These are my children, Hannah, Eleanor and Rebecca.

Then we have: This is my son, Alfie.

These are my sons, David and Alex.

Normally we just add -S to make something more than one,

but sometimes we have a word like child / children…

one child…two children

one person…two people.

(Look at that word – people!)

The Question Word ‘What?’

 What is my name?

My name is Sarah.

What is his name?

His name is Alex.

What is her name?

Her name is Ella.

What are their names?

Their names are Alfie and Ella.

We can also say: What are you called?

What am I called?

I am called Sarah.

What is he called?

He is called Alex.

What is she called?

She is called Sam.

What are they called?

They are called Alfie and Ella.

If someone is not male and not female, then we say: What ARE THEY called?

Or we say: What is their name?

The Question Word ‘What?’ (with The System)

Let’s take the sentence: My name is Sarah.

Here we have two subjects, because we have the verb ‘to be’.

(‘Is’ is from the verb ‘to be’.)

These are the same.

What is her name?

Sarah is her name.

Her name is Sarah.

This and this are the same.

She is called Sarah

This and this are the same.

What is she called?

Remember ‘called’ is not the verb; the verb is ‘to be’.

‘Is’ is from the verb ‘to be’.

‘Called’ goes further down the sentence.

The Question Word ‘How Old?’

How old am I?

I am forty-eight (48).

How old is he?

He is fifty-one (51).

How old is she?

She is 48.

How old are they?

They are ten (10) and eight (8).

Of course we can also say:

How old is your brother?

He is thirty-eight (38).

How old is your mum?

She is seventy-one (71).

How old are your cousins?

They are ten (10) and eight (8).

How old are your grandparents?

They are both seventy-five (75).

Again if we have someone who is not male and not female,

then we say: How old are THEY?

The Question Word ‘How Old?’ (with The System)

Let’s take the sentence: I am 48 (years old).

(Of course I say I am 48, because that is simple.)

The question is: How old am I?

So… I am 48 (Subject…Subject.)

How old I (Subject…Subject) – because here we have the verb ‘to be’

and only with the verb ‘to be’, we can have two Subjects.

So I say: How old am I?

How old are you?

How old is he?

How old is your brother?

(because ‘your brother’ is ‘he’.)

How old are his parents?

(because ‘his parents’ are ‘they’)…

How old are they?

That was the end of Lesson Four.

Each lesson takes about 15 minutes, so in 60 minutes, you have learnt

a LOT of English.

I hope you found this lesson useful and I look forward to seeing you again soon for Lesson Five.

Thanks for watching!

Bye for now!